al-Shaykh, Abu Anas al-Shami

al-Shaykh Abu Anas al-Shami, Omar Youssif Jum’a, a Palestinian with Jordanian citizenship who was born and raised in Kuwait, he born in 1969. From the age of 14, Shaykh Abu Anas had mastered Fusha Arabic language (Classical Arabic), and a year later memorized the entire Qur’an. He pursued his Islamic studies at al-Medina University, where influence from Muslim Brotherhood exiles began to shape his views towards Islamist polities. Then he left for Afghanistan in 1990 before Operation Desert Storm. There, he took a three-month weapons and explosives course at al-Farouq Training Camp where he gave al-Bay’a to Shaykh Osama Bin Laden. In the summer of 1991, unable to return to Kuwait as Palestinians were collectively punished in Kuwait for PLO. In the mid-1990s he went to Bosnia where he served as a Shar’i for al-Mujahideen for 18-monthes. By then he returned to Amman, where he became Imam of al-Murad Mosque in Sweileh, a suburb of Amman and inspired by Jihadi Ulama. Later he headed Imam al-Bukhari Center in Marqa where he became against the American troop presence in al-Jazira. He was one of the founders of Jama’at al-Kitab wal-Sunnah.

He was arrested by the apostate Jordanian regime in March 2003, for inciting against the Jordanian government for its stand against Saddam in the run-up to Operation Iraqi Freedom. He was released within months and refocused his sermons from preaching against the Jordanian government towards calling for al-Jihad against the US in Iraq. Abu Anas entered Iraq in September 2003, after he announced his departure for Saudi Arabia while his real distination was Iraq, and joined Jama’at al-Tawheed wal-Jihad, in which he served as head of al-Shari’a committee and Zarqawi’s second in command. In April 2004, he was injured in an airstrike. That September, Abu Anas got his Shahada due to mobile phone-tracking, as he was about to carry out a martyrdom operation with 30 Mujahideen in Abu Ghreib Battle. A video eulogy was published for Shaykh Abu Anas al-Shami by al-Furqan Media Foundation in June 2007, and a battle named after him, his biography was published by al-Furqan foundation as well.